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Ranchu Name Types

Top-view ranchu (TVR)[edit]

In ancient China, people kept goldfish in large jars made of pottery or porcelain; therefore the only way people could see the fish was from the top. For this reason, people selected those goldfish, generations by generations, with big belly, big wen, and dragon eyes genes for the purpose of top view. Therefore, the top view ranchu is considered better aesthetically in Japan and China. The TVR should have a rectangle shape, short tail, and big wen on the head. When swimming, their appearance should resemble a worm moving in water, which gives the ranchu its name (in Chinese "ruan chong" means "egg shape worm"). [5][2][9]

Side-view ranchu (SVR)[edit]

A ranchu's back (seen from the side) is compared to a traditional Japanese comb, which comes in two shapes. The first comb-shape (the nagate or long style) is long with rounded corners and is similar to the koban coin. While the second comb-shape (the marute or the round style) is shorter, round and is similar to a round coin viewed from the side, but still not as round as any modern-day circular coins. Both comb shapes are acceptable in ranchu exhibitions and competitions.[5][2][9]

LIONHEAD

The tremendous hood or headgrowth and fat cheeks of lionheads give them a facial appearance similar to canine puppies.[2] The "wen" (Chinese term for headgrowth) fully covers the head, cheeks and gill plates of the fish.[1][3]Furthermore, lionheads have short but deep bodies, and relatively straight[2] or evenly arched backs without dorsal fins. The finnage, in general, is short. Breeding standards require that the lionhead’s anal fins are paired, the double tail fin should not droop, and its upper edges should be held away from the body.[4] The tail of a traditional lionhead can be fully separated, partially separated, or webbed. The tail should also meet the caudal peduncle (the area where the body joins the tail) in a fashion that is almost perpendicular to the body.[1][3] The caudal peduncle is ideally broad, allowing the tail to open when the fish swims. The back of the proper lionhead is quite broad to support the placement of the raspberry-like hood.[3] Hood development may vary but is more pronounced in males. The hood normally takes a year to develop in young fry. Mature male lionheads periodically shed patches of their headgrowths.[4]

Lionheads can grow up to 6 inches (15 cm) in length (including finnage) and may have metallic, nacreous or matte scales.[4] They are available in orange, red, white, red-and-white, blue, black, black-and-white, black-and-red, natural, and chocolate coloration.

LIONCHU

The Western criteria for lionchus combine the traditional characteristic side-view profiles of the ranchu and the lionhead.[3] The ranchu's deep body, broad and curved back, and tail placement has been merged with the large headgrowth of the lionhead. Lionchus do not have dorsal fins, a trait inherited from both parent breeds.[1][2]

Origins and evolution[edit]

Although at first, the lionchus were considered merely as mongrels,[2] being hybrids of the lionheads and ranchus, the lionhead actually have an ancestor from Japan in the 1800s; it is then known as the shishigashira ranchu or lion-headed ranchu. The shishigashira ranchu is a ranchu-like goldfish with small amounts of headgrowth and some having small knobs and bumps on the back (a suggestion that the absence of the dorsal fin had not yet been stabilized at the time).[4] But the modern-day lionchu is considered to have originated from Thailand,[2] and was popularized by a group of goldfish hobbyists in Singapore through RafflesGold.com, an internet-based goldfish forum site. The lionchu was officially recognized as a unique class of fancy goldfish during the "My Fancy Goldfish Competition 2006", which was held in Singapore from May 26–28, 2006.

    • Lionheads have more head growth than Ranchus.
    • Ranchus’ back is curved upwards, whereas Lionheads are flatter.
    • Ranchu’s caudal fin has a 45-degree angle, whereas Lionheads are lower and larger.
    • Lionheads’ peduncle (main body) is longer and thinner, whereas Ranchus are thick and stubby.
  • Image result for ranchu color pattern

Pattern names in Japanese and English and their descriptions:

1.    Shoujou or Orangutan - all red
2.    Sarasa-aka or Red Mottled with White
3.    Hara-shiro or White Belly - red with white abdomen
4.    Moto-aka or Red Base Tail - base portion of a tail is red
5.    Koshi-shiro or White Lumbar - lower back and tail peduncle is white
6.    Tsutsu-shiro or White Tail Peduncle
7.    Men-shiro or White Mask - white head
8.    Diamond - sizable white rectangle on top of red head
9.    Komado or Small Window - small rectangle on top of red head
10.  Tsura-shiro or White Cheeks - red head with funtan and sides of the head white
11.  Kabuki - white head with funtan and sides of the head red
12.  Ichimonji-shiro or Straight White Line, red head
13.  Ichimonji-aka or Red Straight Line, white head
14.  Kougai or Hairpin - one funtan is red
15.  Kuchibeni or Lipstick - red outlined mouth on the white head
16.  Sarasa-shiro or White Mottled with Red
17.  Azuki or Adzuki Red Beans - isolated red scales on white body
18.  Men-kaburi or Headdress - red head with white body
19.  Tonchou or Japanese Crane - red spot in the middle of the white head
20.  Hinomaru or Japanese Flag - red spot on the white back
21.  Rocuuroko or Six Fins - red pectoral, pelvic and caudal fins with white body
22.  Shiro or White
23.  Ki-gashira or Yellow Head
24.  Kiniro or Golden - golden color body, parts of the head and fins

$0.00
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    -Unlimited Combined Shipping For Bettas. Add as many Bettas as you like for $18

    -Fish Shipping as low as $18

  • Fish are held, quarantined and shipped from our facility in San Diego, California

  • Live on Arrival Fish Guarantee

LIVE ARRIVAL GUARANTEE

LIVE ARRIVAL GUARANTEE 
When you order any of our products directly from Coast Gem USA, you are covered by our risk-free Live Arrival Guarantee. Every single order from us ships with guaranteed live arrival of your fish. We want to ensure that our customers receive quality fish. 

TERMS & CONDITIONS 
If our product is dead upon arrival (DOA), we will gladly issue you a credit on your purchase. The following terms and conditions apply to our guarantee: 

  • Coast Gem USA will issue a credit towards your next purchase for the purchase amount of product that is DOA. This credit is for the product only and does not cover shipping or packaging costs.
  • Losses must be reported to Coast Gem USA within 2 hours of receiving the shipment. To be eligible to receive credit, you must email us at contact@coastgemusa.com and include a photo of the dead product in an unopened bag. We will check the timestamp of the tracking number to confirm the time of delivery. No exceptions.
  • Coast Gem USA will issue a credit towards your next purchase for the purchase amount of product that is DOA. This credit is for the product only and does not cover shipping or packaging costs.
  • Shipping is non refundable.
  • Buyer is responsible for the shipping of any replacement fish.
  • Once fish is added to your aquarium, we are not responsible for sudden deaths or illnesses. We ship healthy fish, once they are in your system, their continued good health is your responsibility.
  • Claims will only be valid if product was purchased directly from Coast Gem USA Remember, if you have any questions about these guarantee details, please ask us before ordering.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Can you ship my order right after I place it?

In most cases, we cannot and will not ship fish immediately after an order is received. We stop feeding your fish in order to clean out their digestive system. This lessens the chance of fish dying in transit due to poor water quality. 

Has my Order shipped yet?

We ship fish out Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or sometimes Thursday (depending on your location) - whichever comes first. In most cases, we do NOT ship, Friday or Weekends. You will receive a tracking number by email from us when your fish has been packed and prepared for shipment. Then, you can track your fish on the web and know an estimated arrival day. We package them with pure oxygen and pack them in insulated boxes. It is best to have someone home when the fish arrives, so that your package does not sit outside your door in the hot or cold weather.


Please remember that the delivery of your order is the responsibility of the shipping carrier (USPS, FedEx, OnTrac )Once a package leaves our fulfillment center, you must reach out directly to the shipping carrier selected during checkout to resolve delivery issues. You should have your tracking number ready when reaching out to the shipping carrier.

How do you ship Live Fish? Is it safe for the fish?

All live fish are packaged in thick plastic shipping bags. The bags are filled with pure bottled oxygen and water treated in methylene blue as an extra precaution. The bags are tightly secured with a rubber band, and then placed into a sturdy corrugated cardboard. The box is insulated with Styrofoam on all sides to maintain temperature and minimal movement. Then it's sealed with packaging tape and is set to ship.Yes, it is safe. Although there is always inherent stress to the fish as a result of the shipping process, the stress is minimal and the risk to the health of the fish is very low. Over 98% of all fish we ship ultimately arrive at their destination healthy and ready for their new home.  

What Courier Service do you use?

We offer US Priority mail, Fed Ex, and OnTrac

I paid for Overnight Shipping, but you haven't shipped my fish yet. Why is that?

"Overnight shipping" refers only to the method by which the package carrier will deliver your fish. It does not mean that we will ship your fish the same day or even necessarily the next day after you order. We still cannot ship certain days regardless of when you order. Purging the fishes prior to shipping must be factored in. 

How much does shipping cost? 

Our shipping rates start at $8 for Plants and Dry Goods, and $18 for Live Fish,.

How long will it take for my package to arrive?

The transit time varies on the shipping service you selected. Please remember that the delivery of your order is the responsibility of the shipping carrier (USPS, Fedex, DHL). 

Once a package leaves our fulfillment center, you must reach out directly to the shipping carrier selected during checkout to resolve delivery issues. You should have your tracking number ready when reaching out to the shipping carrier.

My tracking is showing up as "NOT FOUND". What is the reason? 

When we print your label, you will receive an email with a tracking number. The tracking number will not register any information until the Post Office, OnTrac or FedEx actually comes and gets the box. Please wait at least 3-5 hours and try again before emailing us.

I received a tracking number, when I track it my package, its shows as being delayed?

Please remember that the delivery of your order is the responsibility of the shipping carrier (USPS, FedEx, OnTrac )Once a package leaves our fulfillment center, you must reach out directly to the shipping carrier selected during checkout to resolve delivery issues. You should have your tracking number ready when reaching out to the shipping carrier.

Some or all of my fish arrived dead. What do I do?

Contact us as soon as possible. IN ORDER FOR US TO HONOR A DOA CLAIM, YOU MUST CONTACT US WITHIN 2 HOURS OF THE PACKAGE BEING DELIVERED (WE WILL USE THE TIME PROVIDED BY THE CARRIER ON THE TRACKING). Please take a picture for us showing the loss in an UNOPENED BAG- it can just be a picture taken with your smart phone. Email us at contact@coastgemusa.com with a brief description of your problem with photographs of Dead Fish attached.


From there, we will either offer to refund the cost of the fish, or issue credit towards a future purchase, SHIPPING IS NON REFUNDABLE. Buyer is responsible for the shipping of any replacement fish. We work very hard to make sure that you receive your fish alive and we want your fish to have a long, happy life in your tank, however it has to make financial sense for us in the end.


We will not assume responsibility for fish killed as a result of the customer not being available to accept the delivery on the first attempt. You should be home to accept your package on arrival.

What if a fish arrives alive, but then dies soon after?

Once fish is added to your aquarium, we are not responsible for sudden deaths or illnesses. We ship healthy fish, once they are in your system, their continued good health is your responsibility. 

Do you ship everywhere in the USA?

Yes, We only ship within the Continental United States, Alaska and Hawaii

Can I add items to my order after I have placed it? 

Yes! You can add items to your order as long as we haven't shipped out your existing Order. To add an item, please call us at 619-934-9442 or send us an email to contact@coastgemusa.com. Please let us know the item you want to add.

I want to cancel my order

Orders must be canceled within 12 hours of the original order to receive a full refund. 


After the 12 hour period has passed, ALL SALES ARE FINAL. Any refunds may be charged a 30% restocking fee to offset non-refundable service charges and holding a fish that might otherwise have been sold to someone else. Full credit will be given to be used towards future purchases. Refunds may take up to one week to be issued.

I just received my fish and they do not look like the pictures on the website. What's up with that?

Any fish that was just shipped will be stressed. Allow a day or two (or occasionally more) for the fish to acclimate to their new environment - their color will return. This stress can also affect a fish's appetite. They may not eat for the first day or two. Be careful to not over feed during this period, as uneaten food will rot and diminish the water quality.


CHANGEABLE PATTERNBetta’s have marble genes which means they can change as they age. This varies from Betta to Betta but marble Betta’s can change more dramatically over a short period. The pictures of the Betta are taken before they are shipped to us. Please understand that we CANNOT change this fact. As this is all part of the nature of Betta’s. 

What are Coast Gem USA's Quarantine Procedures?

All of our fish are quarantined for a minimum of two weeks before being listed for sale. All fish are monitored closely for any signs of health problems during that time. If any health problems become apparent during quarantine, the affected fish are treated accordingly. 

Do you have a retail location?

We do have a brick and mortar store located at 669 Palomar street in Chula Vista. We are open to our retail customers as well as walk-ins. 

Can I contact you to ask if you have a certain color/variety/patterned fish in stock?

Yes, even though most of the fish we have are usually listed on our website. We do occasionally have fish in stock that haven't been listed yet. If there is something in particular you are looking for that is not listed, we can try and import that fish for you.

Can you tell me the sex of a particular fish?

Larger fish will be sexed along with some juveniles. But the sex will be stated in the title of the listing. Any stated sex of a fish is made with our best assessment and due to different variables the sex of the fish cannot guaranteed.

REFUND POLICY

REFUND POLICY

Orders must be canceled within 12 hours of the original order to receive a full refund. 


After the 12 hour period has passed, ALL SALES ARE FINAL. Any refunds may be charged a 30% restocking fee to offset non-refundable service charges and holding a fish that might otherwise have been sold to someone else. Full credit will be given to be used towards future purchases. Refunds may take up to one week to be issued. 


There is always a slight chance that a fish from your order will not be shipped due to health concerns. In order to ensure our bio-security, as well as on-time delivery of your order, we do not hold orders due to a fish that cannot be shipped. The full purchase price will be refunded for any fish that cannot be shipped. Once fish is added to your aquarium, we are not responsible for sudden deaths or illnesses. We ship healthy fish, once they are in your system, their continued good health is your responsibility.

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